Bank Code Verified


Routing Number: 043304239 (Please note that this number is no longer in service. Kindly refer to the new Routing Number provided below)

New Routing Number: 043318092

Date of Revision: 040104




State: PA

Zip: 16148

Phone: (724) 981-6000

Understanding Routing Numbers and Their Significance in Banking TransactionsWhen it comes to banking transactions, routing numbers play a crucial role. These unique nine-digit numbers help to identify the financial institution involved in a transaction and ensure that funds are properly directed.

In this article, we will delve into the world of routing numbers, exploring their significance and how they are used in various banking transactions. Additionally, we will take a brief look at the history of First National Bank of Pennsylvania, a prominent financial institution in the United States.

Topic 1: Understanding Routing Numbers

1.1 What is a Routing Number? A routing number is a unique identification number assigned to each financial institution in the United States by the American Bankers Association (ABA).

It consists of nine digits and is used to identify the bank or credit union that will receive or send funds during a transaction. 1.2 The Structure of a Routing Number

Routing numbers follow a specific structure.

The first four digits represent the Federal Reserve routing symbol, which indicates the Federal Reserve district in which the bank is located. The next four digits represent the ABA institution identifier, which identifies the specific financial institution.

Finally, the last digit, known as the check digit, is used for error detection purposes. 1.3 Uses of Routing Numbers

Routing numbers are used in various banking transactions, including:

– Direct Deposits: When setting up direct deposit for your paycheck or receiving government benefits, you will need to provide your routing number to ensure the funds are correctly deposited into your account.

– Electronic Funds Transfers: Whether you’re making a payment or receiving funds electronically, routing numbers are necessary to ensure the money is directed to the right financial institution. – Check Processing: When you write a check, your routing number is printed along with your account number at the bottom.

This helps the recipient’s bank identify your financial institution and process the payment. Topic 2: A Brief History of First National Bank of Pennsylvania

2.1 Origins of First National Bank of Pennsylvania

First National Bank of Pennsylvania has a rich history dating back to its establishment in 1864.

Originally known as the First National Bank of Mercer County, it was founded to cater to the financial needs of the local community. 2.2 Growth and Expansion

Over the years, First National Bank of Pennsylvania experienced steady growth and expanded its services to neighboring counties.

The bank’s commitment to serving its customers’ needs and providing excellent financial services enabled it to thrive and establish a strong presence in western Pennsylvania. 2.3 Merger and Rebranding

In 2002, First National Bank of Pennsylvania merged with Metropolitan National Bank, further expanding its reach and customer base.

This merger allowed the bank to provide even more comprehensive financial services and better serve its growing number of customers. Today, First National Bank of Pennsylvania continues to be a trusted and reliable financial institution, offering a wide range of banking services and solutions.

With a focus on customer satisfaction and community involvement, the bank has maintained a strong presence in Pennsylvania and beyond.


In conclusion, routing numbers are indispensable in banking transactions, ensuring that funds are correctly directed to the intended financial institution. Understanding their structure and significance can help individuals navigate through various financial activities more effectively.

Additionally, First National Bank of Pennsylvania’s rich history and commitment to its customers exemplify the values and dedication that have enabled it to establish a solid reputation in the banking industry. Topic 3: Key Functions of Routing Numbers

Routing numbers serve several key functions in banking transactions, ensuring smooth and accurate transfer of funds.

Let’s explore these functions in detail:

3.1 Identify Financial Institution

One of the primary functions of a routing number is to identify the specific financial institution involved in a transaction. Each routing number corresponds to a particular bank or credit union, establishing a clear connection between the sender and receiver of funds.

Without this identification, it would be challenging to direct funds accurately and efficiently. 3.2 Direct Funds to the Correct Financial Institution

Routing numbers play a crucial role in directing funds to the correct financial institution.

When initiating a transaction, whether it be a direct deposit, electronic funds transfer, or check payment, the routing number ensures that the funds reach the intended bank or credit union. This function is particularly important in large-scale transactions where a single incorrect digit in the routing number could result in funds being sent to the wrong institution.

3.3 Facilitate Interbank Transactions

When funds need to be transferred between different financial institutions, routing numbers make the process seamless. Interbank transactions, such as wire transfers or Automated Clearing House (ACH) transfers, rely on routing numbers to ensure that the funds move smoothly from one institution to another.

By providing the correct routing number, individuals and businesses can enable the secure and efficient transfer of funds across various banks and credit unions. 3.4 Routing of Electronic Payments

In today’s digital age, many payments are made electronically through online banking platforms or mobile applications.

Routing numbers play a vital role in these electronic payment systems. When initiating payments, individuals or businesses must provide the correct routing number to ensure that the funds are directed to the correct recipient.

This function enables swift and accurate electronic transactions, whether it be paying bills, making purchases, or transferring funds between accounts. Topic 4: The Role of Routing Numbers in Bank Transactions

Routing numbers play a significant role in various bank transactions, ensuring the safe and accurate transfer of funds.

Let’s delve deeper into the specific areas where routing numbers come into play:

4.1 Direct Deposits

Direct deposit is a convenient way to receive payments directly into a bank account. Whether it’s a salary, pension, or government benefit, the routing number is crucial for directing these funds to the correct financial institution.

Employers or benefit providers ask employees or recipients for their routing number to set up direct deposit. This information enables the seamless transfer of funds, eliminating the need for physical checks and reducing the processing time significantly.

4.2 Check Processing

Even in the digital age, checks remain a popular method of payment. When writing a check, individuals need to include their routing number alongside their account number at the bottom.

These numbers facilitate the processing of the check, ensuring that the funds are withdrawn from the correct account and directed to the recipient’s financial institution. By including the routing number, individuals can ensure a smooth and accurate payment process, guaranteeing the timely arrival of funds to the intended recipient.

4.3 Electronic Funds Transfers

Electronic funds transfers, such as online bill payments, peer-to-peer transfers, or external account transfers, rely heavily on routing numbers. Whether individuals are making payments to utility companies, sending money to friends or family, or transferring funds between personal accounts, the routing number is a crucial element in verifying the recipient’s financial institution.

By providing the correct routing number, individuals can avoid potential errors or delays in the funds’ transfer. 4.4 Wire Transfers

Wire transfers are an expedited method of transferring funds domestically or internationally.

For these high-value transactions, the accuracy and promptness of the transfer are of utmost importance. Routing numbers play a vital role in wire transfers by ensuring that the funds are directed to the correct financial institution and reach the intended recipient swiftly.

Wire transfer requests require both the sender’s and recipient’s routing numbers to facilitate a smooth and secure transaction. In conclusion, routing numbers are integral to the functioning of various banking transactions.

Their ability to identify financial institutions, direct funds accurately, facilitate interbank transactions, and ensure the smooth processing of electronic payments and transfers makes them a crucial component of the modern banking system. By understanding and providing the correct routing number, individuals and businesses can navigate the complexities of banking transactions with ease and confidence.

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