Bank Code Verified

091409717, Routing Number for CITIBANK NA, NEW CASTLE, DE

Routing Number: 091409717

Date of Revision: 110712


Address: 1 PENNS WAY


State: DE

Zip: 19720

Phone: (302) 323-4260

Understanding Routing Numbers and Their Significance in Banking Transactions

In the world of banking, routing numbers play a vital role in ensuring smooth and secure transactions between financial institutions. Whether you’re making a payment through a check or an electronic transfer, knowing the routing number of the recipient’s bank is crucial.

In this article, we will explore the concept of routing numbers, their significance, and how they facilitate seamless banking transactions. What are Routing Numbers?

Routing numbers, also known as routing transit numbers (RTNs), are numerical codes assigned to financial institutions in the United States. They are nine-digit numbers that identify banks or credit unions and serve as unique identifiers for each institution.

These numbers were introduced in 1910 by the American Bankers Association (ABA) as a means to streamline the processing of checks.

The Structure of a Routing Number

A routing number consists of three parts. The first part, known as the prefix, indicates the region or Federal Reserve District where the bank is located.

The second part, known as the base, represents the bank itself. The final part, known as the suffix, indicates the processing center or branch that handles the transactions.

For example, let’s take the routing number 091409717. The “09” in the prefix indicates that the bank is located in the Northeast region, specifically in Delaware.

The “14” in the base represents Citibank NA., while the “097” in the suffix identifies the specific processing center within Citibank.

The Importance of Routing Numbers

Routing numbers are essential for various banking transactions, including direct deposits, electronic fund transfers, and bill payments. When you initiate a transaction, whether it’s depositing a paycheck into your account or making a payment to a vendor, the routing number ensures that the money reaches the correct institution and the appropriate account within that institution.

For example, if you want to set up direct deposit for your paycheck, you would need to provide your employer with your bank’s routing number along with your account number. This information allows your employer’s financial institution to transfer your wages to your designated account accurately.

Similarly, when you make a payment using electronic funds transfer or write a check, you will need the recipient’s routing number to ensure the money is deposited into the correct account. Without the routing number, it would be nearly impossible for the financial institutions involved to determine where the funds should be allocated.

A Brief History of CITIBANK NA

Now, let’s dive into the fascinating history of CITIBANK NA. Founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York, the institution played a significant role in the development of the American financial system.

In its early years, the bank primarily served the growing merchant trade in New York City. As the city rapidly expanded, City Bank expanded with it, establishing new branches to accommodate the increasing demand for financial services.

By the late 19th century, City Bank had become one of the largest banks in the United States. In 1897, it became the first major U.S. bank to establish a foreign department, allowing it to conduct international transactions and serve global clients.

During the 20th century, the bank underwent several transformations and name changes. In 1935, it officially became Citibank, following a series of mergers and acquisitions.

Over the years, Citibank expanded its operations both domestically and internationally, establishing a global presence and becoming one of the largest banking institutions in the world. Today, Citibank NA operates as a subsidiary of Citigroup, a multinational financial services corporation.

With its headquarters in New York City, the bank serves millions of customers worldwide, offering a wide range of banking products and services.


Routing numbers are fundamental to the smooth functioning of banking transactions, enabling the secure transfer of funds between financial institutions. Understanding the structure and significance of routing numbers is essential for anyone engaging in banking activities.

As for Citibank NA, its rich history and global presence make it a recognizable name in the financial industry. From its humble beginnings as the City Bank of New York to its current status as a global banking powerhouse, Citibank has played a significant role in shaping the modern financial landscape.

By familiarizing yourself with routing numbers and the history of banking institutions like Citibank NA, you can gain a deeper understanding of the intricate processes that underpin our financial system. Whether you’re depositing a check or making an international wire transfer, knowing the routing number ensures your transactions are executed smoothly and efficiently.

Topic 3: Key Functions of Routing Numbers

Routing numbers serve several important functions in the banking system. Let’s explore some of the key functions of routing numbers in more detail:


Unique Bank Identification: Every financial institution in the United States is assigned a unique routing number. This number helps to identify the bank or credit union, ensuring that transactions are directed to the correct institution.

With the vast number of banks operating in the country, having a unique identifier is crucial for accurate and efficient routing. 2.

Check Processing: One of the primary functions of routing numbers is to facilitate the processing of checks. When you write a check, you need to include the routing number of your bank along with your account number.

This information allows the check to be routed to the correct bank and account for verification and clearance. Routing numbers help expedite the processing of checks, thereby reducing the time it takes for funds to be transferred from one account to another.

3. Electronic Fund Transfers: In addition to check processing, routing numbers play a significant role in electronic fund transfers.

Whether you’re transferring funds between your own accounts or sending money to someone else, the routing number of the recipient’s bank is required. This number ensures that the funds are directed to the correct financial institution and account.

Without routing numbers, the electronic transfer process would be significantly more complex and prone to errors. 4.

Direct Deposits: Routing numbers are also essential for setting up direct deposits. When you authorize an employer or another organization to deposit funds directly into your bank account, they require your routing number to ensure that the money is deposited correctly.

Routing numbers act as a crucial link between your employer’s financial institution and your own, making direct deposits possible and hassle-free. 5.

Online Bill Payments and Transfers: Many people rely on online banking platforms and mobile apps to manage their finances. When making bill payments or transferring funds online, you are often required to provide the routing number of the recipient’s bank.

This ensures that payments are accurately directed to the intended recipient. Routing numbers streamline the online banking experience, making it convenient and efficient for users.

Topic 4: The Role of Routing Numbers in Bank Transactions

Routing numbers play a vital role in ensuring the smooth flow of bank transactions and the overall stability of the financial system. Let’s examine the role of routing numbers in different types of bank transactions:


Fund Transfers: Whether you’re transferring funds within the same bank or to a different financial institution, routing numbers are essential for a successful transfer. When initiating a transfer, you need to provide the routing number of the recipient’s bank.

This information allows the sending bank to identify the correct destination for the funds. Routing numbers ensure that the money reaches the intended recipient safely and efficiently.

2. Account Verification: Routing numbers also serve as a means of verifying the legitimacy of bank accounts.

When you provide your routing number along with your account number to receive funds, the sender can verify that the account is associated with the correct bank. This verification step helps to prevent fraud and ensures that funds are transferred to the intended recipient.

3. Check Clearing: Prior to the advent of electronic fund transfers, checks were the primary method of payment for many transactions.

Routing numbers are crucial for the clearing of checks, ensuring that the funds are transferred from the payer’s account to the recipient’s account. When a check is deposited, the routing number on the check helps the receiving bank identify the correct institution for processing.

4. International Wire Transfers: Routing numbers play a role in international wire transfers as well.

When sending funds internationally, the sender’s bank needs the routing number of the recipient’s bank. This information enables the intermediary banks involved in the transfer to route the funds accurately.

Routing numbers, along with other codes and identifiers, facilitate the seamless flow of funds across borders. 5.

Fraud Prevention: Routing numbers help prevent fraudulent activities by providing a layer of authentication. By verifying the correct routing number associated with a bank account, financial institutions can ensure that transactions are legitimate.

Routing numbers help to minimize the risk of funds being transferred to incorrect or unauthorized accounts. In conclusion, routing numbers have several key functions in the banking system.

They uniquely identify financial institutions and play a crucial role in check processing, electronic fund transfers, direct deposits, and online banking transactions. By understanding the significance of routing numbers and their role in various banking activities, individuals can navigate the financial system with ease and confidence.

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